Us Harness Racing

Calumet Chuck through John C. Curry

John Campbell, a third-generation horseman (preceeded by his father Jack and grandfather Dunc) carries the torch for tradition and honor in an ever changing society

In 1936, at the age of 16, Del Cameron won his first driving start behind Gay Dillon in 2:14 at Pascoag, R.I. At the same time, he was establishing an outstanding record at Bromfield Academy in Harvard, Mass., where he graduated in 1938 as class president and with letters in baseball, basketball and hockey. The son of a well-known New England trainer-driver, Del learned the harness racing business from his Dad before striking out on his own as second-trainer and later head trainer at Newport Stock Farm. Following family tradition, Del has imparted his considerable knowledge to his own sons, Warren and Gary, both now operating public stables.

Joe Coates honored Standardbreds and harness racing with his decication, hard work and longevity. A pioneer that somehow seems lost in the perils of today's recognition.

1938; Mrs. W. H. Cane's trophy presentation to Lawrence B. Sheppard.
For eight years the Hambletonian has been raced on the Good Time Track.
It has always seemed to me that my husband who has worked so hard to make these races a success, should take some part in the jubilant reception given the winner each year.
I have tried many times to persuade him to present this trophy. He is so bashful and retiring that he will not do it and this year I came to the conclusion that I would speak for him.

CALUMET CHUCK t,2:04 1959 [1929-1943]

Calumet Chuck was foaled at Calumet Farm, Lexington, KY in 1929. He was by Truax-Sumatra. He took his record, 2:04, as a two-year-old in a grueling four-heat race against top horses. Because of this race, a new ruling was made that two-year-olds may race only two out of three heats. He did not return to form as a three-year-old and was sold to Hanover Shoe Farms, where he was retired to stud. His most famous offspring was the 1975 Immortal Nibble Hanover, 1:58¾. He remained a top sire at Hanover until his death in 1943.


CALUMET EVELYN t,1:59½; p, 1:59¼ 1976 [b.1931]

Calumet Evelyn, developed and driven by Vic Fleming for the McConville Brothers of Ogdensburg, NY was a Guy Abbey-Marion Scott filly, foaled in 1931. As a four-year-old, the double-gaited mare paced three heats at Lexington in 1:59 1/4, 1:59 1/2 and 2:00 3/4, and then, four days later, trotted the mile in 2:00. Calumet Evelyn later lowered her trotting mark to 1:59 1/2, which, together with her pacing time, stood as a double-gaited record until 1959.


ADELBERT "DEL" CAMERON 1979 [1920-1979]

Del Cameron was born in Harvard, MA in 1920, he followed in the footsteps of his father Horace, who was a trainer-driver. During his career he won 1,358 races and more than $4.7 million in purses. He was one of three drivers who won The Hambletonian three times, winning the Standardbred sport's most prestigious race with Newport Dream in 1954, with Egyptian Candor in 1965 and with Speedy Streak in 1967.He also won the coveted Little Brown Jug twice; with Forbes Chief in 1947 and the outstanding Tar Heel in 1951. With his sons Gary and Warren, he developed a strong stable for many prominent owners. He died in 1979.




CAM FELLA p, 2, 2:00.2f; 3,T1:54, 1:54.4; 4, 1:53.1 [1979-2001]

Cam Fella was bred by Wilfred Cameron of Washington, PA. He was owned, during his racing career, by Norman Clements, Norman Faulkner and later JEF'S Standardbred Country Club. One of the modern era's greatest racehorses, he won 61 of 80 starts. The son of Most Happy Fella and Nan Cam by Bret Hanover, at 3 won 28 of 33 starts and was voted 1982 Horse of the Year. He was Canadian Horse of the Year in 1982 and 1983 and a Canadian Pacing Triple Crown holder. His major wins in 1982 included the Cane Pace, Messenger, Confederation Cup, Queen City Pace, New Faces, Hopeful and Prix d'Ete. At 4, he won 30 of 36 starts, including the US Pacing Championship, Driscoll, Graduate, Canadian Pacing Derby, and American National Maturity. He completed his career with a record 28 consecutive wins. He was again named Horse of the Year. During his racing days, he was known fondly as "The Pacing Machine." He retired from racing as the leading money-winning racehorse, with North American earnings of $2,041,367. Although a ridgeling, Cam Fella was a standout sire. His breeding career was spent at Dreamaire Stud and Stonegate Farm, NJ, where he sired five pacers that won more than $2 million, headed by Presidential Ball p,3,1:50m ($3,021,363.). His other leading money winners are 1991 Horse of the Year, Precious Bunny p,3, 1:49.4m ($2,281,142.), 1994 Horse of the Year, Cam's Card Shark p,3,1:50m ($2,498,204.), Camtastic p,4,T1:49.3 ($2,117,619.) and Goalie Jeff p,3,1:51.2in ($2,003,439.). His credits also include nine other pacers with earnings in excess of $1 million: Eternal Camnation, Village Connection, Village Jiffy, Cambest 4,T1:46.1m (the fastest Standardbred of all time), Ellamony, Carlsbad Cam, Pacific Fella, Armbro Operative and Cam Luck. In all, Cam Fella sired 1,002 foals with earnings in excess of $94.5 million. Testicular cancer ended his breeding career in 1996, whereupon he entered the Kentucky Horse Park's Stable of Champions as the Standardbred representative. There he spent his last days, dying on May 9, 2022 at the age of twenty-two. Cam Fella is a member of the Canadian Harness Racing Hall of Fame and was inducted into The Harness Racing Hall of Fame in 1998.




SAUL "Sol" A. CAMP 1959 [1891-1957]

Born in Gaffney, SC in 1891, Sol" went west in 1923 to help on his brother's cattle ranch. He settled in Shafter, CA, where eventually he became the "potato king" of the United States. His farm measured 8,000 acres in cotton, 5,000 acres in potatoes and additional acreage in other crops and ranchland. He loved the trotters and became interested in racing, mostly in the west. There he built up a championship stable and breeding farm, paying high prices for his stock. He won The Hambletonian in 1955 with Scott Frost. A true sportsman to the end, "Sol" Camp died during surgery for a brain tumor in 1957.


John D. Campbell 1990



WALTER T. CANDLER 1976 [1886-1967]

Son of Asa Candler, an early leader of The Coca-Cola Company, Walter was a highly successful businessman. He founded Lullwater Farm, where he raised top Standardbreds, including the famed Duke of Lullwater and one of the greatest stallions of all, Abbedale. Many top trainers were associated with Candler, such as Fred Egan, John Simpson and Delvin Miller. Candler not only bred horses, he also gave his time to the sport's organizations. He was a member of the Grand Circuit Stewards, The Hambletonian Society, a trustee of The Hall of Fame of the Trotter and the Kentucky Trotting Horse Breeders' Association of Lexington. He died in 1967.


WILLIAM H. CANE 1958 [1874-1956]

Bill Cane was born in 1874 in Jersey City, NJ and followed his father into the building trade. He loved driving horses and was soon buying trotters. In 1921 Walter Cox took over Cane's Good Time Stable in Goshen, NY and for two decades had great success racing and breeding horses. In 1929, Cane won The Hambletonian classic with Walter Dear, driven by Cox, and for the next twenty-six years he sponsored the big race at Good Time Park in Goshen. His home-bred pacer Good Time, 1:57 4/5, was top money winner—$318,793—until 1958. In 1950, Cane became President of Yonkers Raceway and remained with the track and at Good Time Park until his death in 1956. His Good Time Stable building became The Hall of Fame of the Trotter in 1951.


CARDIGAN BAY p, 1:57.2 1989 [1956-1988]

Foaled in 1956 in New Zealand, the son of Hal Tryax and Colwyn Bay, this bay gelding rewrote the record books in his native land and Australia. The pacer became the first horse to win the coveted Inter-Dominion Championship and the two-mile New Zealand Cup in the same year. When news of his exploits reached America, the renowned trainer-driver Stanley Dancer Journeyed down under", finally acquiring the horse in early 1964. Cardigan Bay quickly became a headliner in North America, winning thirty-seven races during a four-year span. The high point of his career was the Pace of the Century" in 1966, when he defeated three time Horse of the Year, Bret Hanover, before a crowd of over 36,000. Cardigan Bay became the first million dollar winner, September 14,2022 and was retired shortly thereafter. He died in 1988 in New Zealand.


John A. Cashman 1992


F. "GABE" CARTNAL 1985 [1888-1974]

This Ohio native's career spanned 60 years as a trainer, driver, and breeder of harness horses. He acquired his early reputation as an accomplished reinsman with pacers, starting at the county fairs. He soon became successful racing horses such as Patchen Boy, Joe Watts and Wilma on the Grand Circuit. One of his most notable early wins was The Kalamazoo Derby, then a premier pacing event, with the great mare Prue Grattan. He subsequently won important stakes with horses such as Callie G., Isabel Grattan and Moonflower. He earned the title "national win-race champion" one year, and after the UDRS was established, he consistently ranked high in percentages. Gabe Cartnal died on June 4, 2022 at age 86.


JEROME I. CASE 1990 [1819-1891]

Born December 11, 1819, Jerome Increase Case was of "grand old New England stock" and was best known for the development of a combination machine that threshed and separated grain. He established his business in Racine, WI, serving also as that town's mayor and later, a term as state senator. His interest in trotters resulted in his founding of Hickory Grove Farm, which housed, according to some of his contemporaries, "as fine a lot of breeding stock as can be found in the country". Among his outstanding race horses were Phallas and the world champion Jay-Eye-See, named by using the initials of his owner. Jerome I. Case died at age seventy-two.


Cathedra 2002 [ - ]

A daughter of Run The Table--Cathedral City, was a stellar performer on track, earning more than $700,000 in three seasons of racing (1995-1997). Bred by Tymal Farms of Old Castle, Ont. and currently owned by Hanover Shoe Farms of Pennsylvania, Cathedra is the dam of active pacing mare Cathedra Dot Com, a winner of more than $1.2 million, and the late pacing colt Western Shooter, $904,462.


WILLIAM CATON1958 [1875-1943]

"Will" Caton was born in Wyandotte, MI, son of Frank Caton, the famous trainer of Russian horses. Will traveled with his family to Russia, where he grew up to become the top harness driver of that country. He drove the horses of the Czar, Grand Duke Nicholas and other members of the Royal Family. During World War I, at the height of the Russian Revolution, he escaped with his family to the United States via Siberia and Japan. In America he proved himself with Protector, won The Hambletonian in 1932 with The Marchioness and campaigned successfully with Tara, Vitamine and others. He died in 1943 in Ohio.


JOHN CHAPMAN 1980 [1928-1980]

A native of Toronto, Canada, he was one of the sport's most successful trainers and drivers. In 33 years he won 3,914 races and earned $21.3 million in purses which, at the time of his untimely death in 1980, ranked him sixth all-time in both dashes won and money earned. His greatest year was 1977 with Governor Skipper, with whom he had won The Little Brown Jug, The Adios, The Prix d'Ete and The Messenger Stakes. He also piloted such notable horses as Delmonica Hanover, Savoir and Tarport Hap. He was particularly in demand as a catch driver.





MARVIN CHILDS 1977 [1882-1967]

As an all-around horseman, Marvin Childs earned a reputation as a fine trainer-driver while still a young man traveling the Grand Circuit before World War I. It was in 1927 that Childs won The Hambletonian and The Kentucky Futurity with losola's Worthy. Among the other champions he campaigned were trotters Reynolda, Calumet Bush and Charlotte Hanover and pacers Ben Earl, Hal Boy and Hal Mahone. Marvin Childs was superintendent at two of the major Standardbred nurseries during his career. He was at Henry Knight's Almahurst Farm for thirteen years and then at Hanover Shoe Farm. After his death, at age 78 in 1967, Lawrence Sheppard said of him, "He was a horseman's horseman.


CHIMES t, 2:30¾ 1979 [1884-1910]

The son of Electioneer and Beautiful Bells, Chimes was foaled in 1884 at Palo Alto Farm, CA. At age two he came east to race and was bought by C. J. Hamlin of Village Farm, East Aurora, NY for $12,000; a high price at that time for an unmarked two-year-old. At three, Chimes was so good that most of the competition was scared off. He soon began a most successful career at stud, spent almost entirely at the Village Farm. Two of his sons, The Abbott and The Monk broke many world records. Chimes died at age twenty-six in Salem, NJ.


CHRIS SPENCER t, 2:00 2/5 1979 [1942- ]

A son of Spencer and Countess Christine, Chris Spencer was foaled in 1942. He won the Walnut Hall Cup at Lexington, the Gotham Free-For-All at Yonkers in 1950 and again in 1952, and was second in the $25,000 American Trotting Championship at Roosevelt Raceway in 1949. He won over $205,000 during his career, which lasted till 1953. This great free-for-aller was driven in many of his performances by his owner Dunbar Bostwick.


Mike Cipriani* 1988


JOSEPH S. COATES 2000 [1859-1951]

The Goshen, NY born Joseph Saunders Coates began his harness racing career in 1882. He was twenty-three years old. Within five years he had the two fastest pacers in the country: Joe L., 2:15; and Argyle, 2:14¾. He campaigned on the Grand Circuit, winning his share of races. His most memorable and probably his most famous race took place in Detroit in 1887. After six heats, Coates, driving Joe L., bested "The Silent Man of Tennessee," the Immortal Pop Geers, and his Tennessee pacing stallion, Duplex. Joe Coates was educated at St. Paul's Preparatory School in Concord, NH, one of the most exclusive of New England schools. In his lifetime, putting his engineering skills to work, Coates built and re-built more than 20 racetracks nationwide. His projects included: the 1838 Historic Track, Goshen, NY, which he redesigned in 1884 from a four-cornered course into an oval; Monroe County Fair Grounds track, near Rochester, NY; Maryland tracks,Baltimore, Laurel and Ocean Downs; and Harrington, Delaware. He was a co-owner of the 1899 Good Time Park mile track in Goshen NY, and was its original builder. The Hambletonian Stake was held there from 1930-1942 and 1944-1956. For a number of years, Joseph Coates owned the Miller Cart Company of Goshen, manufacturers of an excellent sulky. Coates also designed and built the Coates-Goshen automobile, one of the first automobiles produced after the turn of the century. Mr. Coates' autos were highly respected and considered a quality product. He built thirty-two in all. None were ever recalled. Unfortunately, in 1909, he was forced to yield to Henry Ford's automotive mass production movement and ceased building these "horseless" vehicles. Considered the "Dean of Track Builders," Joseph Saunders Coates never wavered in his enthusiasm for the trotters and pacers and his great engineering skills served to bring faster and safer racing to every oval upon which he worked. He died in Goshen, NY on September 19, 1951. He was 92.


Leonard Cohen* 1985


WILLIAM "BILL" CONNORS 1996 [1913-1996]

Inducted into the Living Hall of Fame in 1986, William "Bill" Connors began his career in harness racing in 1946 at Maywood Park in Chicago. It did not take long for his reputation as an outstanding track official to spread. Bill Connors held race officiating positions at Northville Downs, Hazel Park and Wolverine Raceway in Detroit; at Lebanon Raceway and Northfield Park in Ohio; at the Meadows in Pennsylvania, the Red Mile in Kentucky; and Pompano Park in Florida where he retired in 1992. He was president of the American Harness Racing Secretaries Association from 1965 to 1966 and was honored by Harness Tracks of America with their "Messenger Award" for his important contributions to the sport. William "Bill" Connors passed away at his home in Pompano, Florida, on January 20, 1996.




COUNTESS ADIOS p, T1:57.3, t, 2:01.2 1991 [1957-1981]

The daughter of Adios-Countess Vivian, (thus the half-sister to Meadow Skipper) she posted seventeen victories as a two-year-old in 1959. Trained and driven by Delvin Miller, she defeated the best sophomore colts of the 1960 season in annexing two of the Triple Crown events, The Messenger and The Cane. The free-legged filly wasn't eligible to The Little Brown Jug. Her three-year-old campaign ended with twenty wins in twenty-two starts, with record earnings of $166,370. At age six she was switched to the trot, banking another $13,000 and achieving a 2:01.2 time trial mark. Her 1965 breeding to Tar Heel resulted in the foaling of Imperial Armbro, the dam of Little Brown Jug winner Armbro Omaha. Countess Adios died at age twenty-four at Armstrong Brothers Farm in Inglewood, Ontario.



COUNTESS VIVIAN p, 1:59 1975 [1950- ]

Foaled in 1950 by King's Counsel-Filly Direct, Countess Vivian was owned by Christy Hayes of Columbus, OH. It was as a three-year-old that she took her 1:59 mark. Later, Countess Vivian produced many good performers, including world champions Meadow Skipper, 1:55.1, Countess Adios, 1:57.3 and Tarport Count, 1:59.3. Meadow Skipper went on to become one of the sport's all-time great sires!


WALTER COX 1958 [1868-1941]

"Longshot" Cox was born in Epsom, NH in 1868, but the family soon moved to Manchester, where he finished his schooling. His love for trotters took him to the half-mile track and before long, he was working as a groom and driving in amateur races. His reputation for training and driving horses spread and the young man soon became famous in New England as "the king of the half-milers". In 1920 Cox trained for Laurel Hall Farm in Indiana and in 1921 Joined William Cane's Good Time Stable in Goshen, NY. "Longshot" was a top driver for twenty years before winning The Hambletonian in 1929 with Walter Dear, whose stablemates Volomite, Sir Guy Mac and Miss Woerner won second, third and fourth money in the classic, a feat never equaled by any other trainer. Cox retired from active training in 1938 and died in Goshen on December 15, 1941.


ALEXANDER B. COXE 1967 [1865-1926]

Born in 1865, he was known for his breeding knowledge and devoted much study to the problems of gait, balance, and speed development. The purchase of Dillon Axworthy as a yearling for $2,500 in the fall of 1911 launched Coxe's successful career as a breeder. Dillon Axworthy was credited with producing 105 Standard performers, almost all bred by the owner. Because he was not interested in pacers, he sold Margaret Dillon as a yearling for $100. Margaret Dillon, 1:58¾, later became the champion pacing mare from 1922 to 1938. Coxe died in 1926 in Philadelphia.


CRESCEUS t, 2:02¼ 1993 [1894-1915]

A handsome chestnut trotter by Robert McGregor out of Mabel, Cresceus was foaled in 1894 at Ketcham Farm in Toledo, OH. As a yearling Cresceus became very sick and was ordered destroyed, but his handler hid him away until he had recuperated. His turf career began as a three-year-old and by the close of the 1901 season he held 17 different world records, to sulky and to wagon, over mile and half-mile tracks. In just one year, 1901, he was shipped 12,023 miles to race all over North America. In 1902 he lowered the Canadian ice record to 2:15. Retired to stud in 1903, he was purchased two years later by M. W. Savage for $21,000. In 1908 Savage sold him for export to Russia, where he died in 1915 at age 21.


CR Kay Suzie 2005


James Cruise Sr.* 1986 [1917-2002]

Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses . . ." So goes the motto on the Statue of Liberty. An appropriate motto for Jimmy Cruise might be, "Give me your tired, your lame, your broken-down horses."
It's not that the 69-year-old native of Shepherdsville, Kentucky has deliberately sought poor-quality stock. It's just that few horseman have ever matched Jimmy Cruise in the art of turning pasture candidates into patched-up, useable racehorses. And in many instances, you can substitute "outstanding" for "useable."
By craft, if not academic credentials, Cruise deserves the title "horse doctor." His driving credentials show 1,766 lifetime victories and $6,120,553 in purses won, much of it in eras when horses raced for less spectacular sums.
Jimmy Cruise's love for Standardbreds was nurtured by his father, Hardy Cruise, who raced and loved the breed. Cruise does not recall the date nor the place of his first harness victory, but believes it happened while he was in high school.
He campaigned on the Indiana-Kentucky fair circuit before joining the U.S. Cavalry early in World War II. Among his notable pre-war achievements was a 25-heat winning streak with the pacing mare Miss Ruby, owned by the respected Hoosier horseman, Elmer Conrad of Corydon, Indiana.
After the war, Cruise was lured by the large purses at the inaugural, 25-day Western Harness Racing Association meeting at Santa Anita. The desire for cash may have been spurred by his commitment to Joan Daugherty, whose father had horses in the same barn as Cruise's at the Muncie, Indiana, fair in 1945.
Jimmy and Joan were married on May 14, 2022 and the partnership is still happily intact 41 years later.
At Santa Anita, Cruise won the Western Harness Grand Pace with the 14-1 Blue Again. The $50,000 purse was reportedly the largest ever for sidewheelers up to that time. Cruise spent most winters in California in the ensuing years and racked up seven driving championships at Santa Anita.
His success was not limited to the west coast. Cruise became one of the top trainers and catch-drivers at Roosevelt Raceway in its early days, and never missed a race meeting at the track from 1946 to 1971.
In 1958, Jimmy Cruise drove horses from his stable in six races on one card at Roosevelt and won all six, even though none of the horses was a favorite and the track was muddy. It is a feat that has not been duplicated.
Although he still maintains a farm in Ohio, Cruise's success at the Westbury, Long Island, oval may explain why his home is practically within the tracks shadow
Some of the best examples of Cruise's magic with less-than-sound horses are the trotter Express Rodney and the pacers Stormy Dream and Mr Budlong, whom he mood for New Rochelle, New York, owner Saul Finkelstein. Cruise also waited patiently for Earl Laird to develop, and the home-bred trotter eventually acquired $477,034 in earnings despite being consistently sore or lame.
Some of the trouble-free horses pulling the green-and-red Cruise silks included Sandra Lil, Kash Minbar, Frank T. Ace and Mamie's Lad.
Occasionally, Cruise himself needed patching up, especially after a nasty spill at Hollywood Park in 1966 when his trotter, Joey Montgomery, collapsed just past the finish line.
For the past 10 years, Jimmy Cruise has left most of the driving to his sons, James H., Jr. and Earl. (The senior Cruise never uses his formal given name.) Among the more success horses developed by the younger Cruises recently are the pacers Dignatarian, Sirncoe Hanover, and Lavish Laura.
Whether they can continue a level of excellent horsemanship for, say, the next 25 years remains to be seen. But they certainly could not have a better teacher
(Above from July 1987 Hoof Beats)




CURRIER & IVES 1976 [1813-1888], [1824-1895]

Nathaniel Currier, Known as "The printmakers to the American people", Currier and Ives were the greatest lithographers of the 19th century. In business together for over thirty years, Nathaniel Currier and his partner James Ives, produced over 10 million lithographs with over 7,000 different titles, which sold from $.25 to $4.00, depending on their size. Among their many titles there were almost 700 trotting horse subjects, depicting famous horses and racing scenes of the day. They made it possible for the adoring racing public to have inexpensive prints of their trotting heroes in their homes. It was Currier and Ives who helped make the trotting horse "king" of the nation's highways. They are buried in the GreenWood Cemetery, Sunset Park, Brooklyn, NY.


JOHN C. "JACK" CURRY 1959 [1855-1908]

Born in Saudersvllle, KY, Jack Curry grew up around the bluegrass farms and moved to Nebraska in 1875. He later moved to Kansas and in 1879 began his career in the sulky. In 1880 his first "star", Nellie B., was driven to a record of 2:25 over a rough prairie track in Kansas. In 1892 he took a position with the Standard Trotting Horse Company of Kenosha, WI and became a sensational driver with Alix, winning all of her starts around the small circuits of the country. Alix's record that year was a world mark of 2:10. In 1893 Curry piloted the Jewett Farm horses, but later in the season returned to the Standard Co. In 1894 Curry opened a public stable and in mid-season a young pacing stallion named Joe Patchen was placed with him and the two became famous. He was probably the most "cussed and discussed" driver before the public, because of his methods of training and driving. He died in Kansas City, MO on July 7, 1908.